It’s important to note that under the 1987 Constitution, Duterte has 48 hours to submit a report to Congress about the Martial Law declaration. Congress then has the right to revoke or suspend it. If they decide to push through with it, Martial Law should not exceed 60 days, so it’s different from Marcos’ time.
Before Congress makes its final decision, we looked at how Martial Law worked out for other countries in the past, as well as other places in the Philippines.
In 1981, former Prime Minister Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski declared Martial Law to maintain “legal balance of the country, to create guarantees that give a chance to restore order and discipline.” This move was also intended to “save the country from collapse.” However, citizens were quick to oppose it after their freedom was taken away and several pro-democratic movements were made. After it was lifted in 1983, Poland was practically left broken and bankrupt.
Over a million Chinese citizens gathered in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square on 1989 to express their frustrations on the “slow pace of promised reform.” Hundreds of student protesters also went on a hunger strike to catch the attention of the Communist Party leaders. This prompted the government to declare a Martial Law to clear the streets. Military forces opened fire on demonstrators, leaving thousands dead in Tiananmen Square. This is on top of the several who were unjustly tried and imprisoned. After months of unrest, the Communist Party lifted Martial Law in order to encourage foreign tourism and international relations.